Growing plants produce oxygen and reduce the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
When we look around our landscape we see the miracle of nature in the forms of the greenery brought about by plants. Plants may look simple but they are very complex
Plants grow by taking up water and nutrients from the soil via their complex root system which works in conjunction with mycorrhizal fungi in the soil. The majority of the roots that you can see easily are the transporters of the water and nutrients. It is the minute root hairs especially if surrounded by mycorrhizal fungi which help the absorption of nutrients into the roots.
The leaves of plants contain stoma, (plural stomata) which are tiny pores allowing the passing of gases and water in and out of the plant. During the daytime when the chlorophyll, the green part of the plant, is active the carbon dioxide is taken from the atmosphere and a process, known as photosynthesis, takes place allowing for the production of carbohydrates and sugars and oxygen becomes a by-product of the process and is released into the atmosphere. Reducing the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The larger the plant the more oxygen is produced.
Algae are also simple photosynthetic plants. In the sea, they are extremely important for photosynthesis and producing oxygen for the water and air to support life.
The importance of photosynthesis is that it is the basic requirement for the existence of virtually all other forms of life (except a few bacteria). Photosynthesis enables plants to grow and provide carbohydrates and protein. This is not only important for the health of plants but also the health of every animal on the planet, including us.
We all need plants!!