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A

Acidic

Soil with a pH below 7.0 often resulting in a high concentration of iron, magnesium and potassium ions (see iron, magnesium, potassium)

Annual

A plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of a year

B

Biennial

A plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of two years.

C

E

Ericaceous

Specific group of lime-hating plants (see lime-hating plants).

F

Fertiliser

Material that provides plants with one or more or the main plant nutrients that help them grow (see nutrients).

G

Graft

A graft is a relatively small part of a plant, known as the scion, which is grafted onto a relatively large part, known as the stock. Most commonly the upper part of a plant is grafted onto the lower part of another plant, known as the rootstock

 

H

Herbaceous

Describes a plant with soft rather than woody stem/tissues.

 Herbacious Perennial

A plant whose stems and leaves die to the ground each year and regrows stems and foliage the following growing season (see perennial)

I

Iron

L

Lime-Hating Plants

Plants that thrive in acidic soils (see acidic).

M

N

P

Perennial

A plant that lives for more than two years and usually flowers annually

Phosphate

Potassium

Propagation

Various methods of starting new plants ranging from starting seeds to identical clones created by cuttings or layering

Pruning

A method of cutting off leaves or branches within limits in order to remove dead or diseased foliage or branches

S

Shrub

A woody plant with a framework of branches and little or no central stem.

 Stem Propagation